The Engineers are completing their work for the 3.2 billion pixels LSST (Legacy Survey of Time and Space) Camera, the world’s biggest digital camera, which can observe a golf ball up to fifteen miles.
The camera is about like a car and weighs about three tonnes; this camera has an oversized front lens five feet wide and a 3,200-megapixel sensor. It can be cooled down to -100degC to cut down on noise.
Although the camera isn’t completed, all its mechanical components are in place and, for the first time, in a tidy space in the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in Menlo Park, California.
It took seven years to build the Camera and is scheduled to be shipped to the Vera C. Rubin Observatory in Chile in April 2023. After installation, it will be able to produce panoramas of the entire southern sky every night for over 10 years.
“The camera would be watching skies during the northern night for a decade and will produce an abundance of data that scientists will analyze to understand more about the sky. One of the most significant mysteries, such as the dark matter’s origins and energy,” said SLAC spokesperson.
A team of experts from SLAC is evaluating the camera’s shutter and the system for filter exchange, two components with a high degree of dynamically installed recently. At the end of the year, the camera will undergo one more modification: installing an upgraded refrigeration system.
The world’s giant camera is currently being built in the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in Menlo Park, California. The cameras’ sensors are capable of capturing images of 3,200 megapixels.
Unique features characterize the camera’s focal plane. Its pixels are tiny-about 10 microns wide. The focal plane is incredibly flat, with a width of more than a tenth the size of human hair. This makes it possible for the camera to create sharp images with a high resolution.
With more than two feet in width, the focal plane is huge compared to a 1.4-inch-wide imaging sensor in an all-frame consumer camera. The focal plane is sufficient to capture the entire sky, which is the equivalent of 40 moons full.
In addition, the entire telescope is designed in that the imaging sensors can identify objects 100 million times smaller than the ones accessible to the naked eyes-a ability to observe a candle from thousands of miles far away.
The images are enormous that it would take 378 4K ultra-high-definition TV screens to display one of them at full size. These and other characteristics are expected to spur an unprecedented amount of research in the field of astrophysics.