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UN Security Council Holds First Meeting on AI, Highlights Need for Global AI Regulation.

On Tuesday, the United Nations Security Council held its first meeting with a special emphasis on artificial intelligence. China stressed the importance of preventing AI from becoming an unmanageable force during the discussion, metaphorically comparing it to a “runaway horse.” The United States, on the other hand, issued a warning against the potential abuse of AI for personal repression or censorship.

AI would “fundamentally alter every aspect of human life,” according to James Cleverly, the British Foreign Secretary, who presided over the summit while his nation held the organisation’s presidency in July.

He continued by saying that we urgently needed to shape the global governance of revolutionary technology because it knows no borders and may potentially help combat climate change and promote economies. However, he did issue a caution that the technology may aid both state-sponsored and non-state parties in their search for weapons and that it spreads false information.

Antonio Guterres, co-founder of the well-known AI company Anthropic, Jack Clark, and Professor Zeng Yi, co-director of the China-UK Research Centre for AI Ethics and Governance, all informed the council’s 15 members.

Applications of artificial intelligence (AI), whether they are military or not, “could have very serious consequences for international peace and security,” Guterres said.

Some nations believe that a new United Nations organisation should be created “to support collective efforts to govern this extraordinary technology,” and that organisation should be modelled after the International Civil Aviation Organisation, the International Atomic Energy Agency, or the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Guterres concurs with these ideas.
The UN should play a crucial coordination role in creating guiding principles for AI, according to Zhang Jun, China’s ambassador to the organisation. Zhang Jun described artificial intelligence as a “double-edged sword” and said Beijing supports this position.

The use of AI for good should be prioritised to control development and “prevent this technology from becoming a runaway horse,” according to Zhang. “Whether it is good or bad, good or evil, depends on how mankind utilises it, regulates it, and balances scientific development with security,” he added.

According to Jeffrey DeLaurentis, the deputy U.S. ambassador to the UN, governments must cooperate on AI and other cutting-edge technology to solve human rights issues that could endanger peace and security.
He cautioned the council that “no member state should use AI to censor, constrain, repress, or disempower people.”

Russia questioned whether the council, which is in charge of upholding global security and peace, should be discussing AI.

“What is required is a professional, scientific, expertise-based discussion that can take several years, and this discussion is already underway at specialised platforms,” said Dmitry Polyanskiy, Russia’s deputy U.N. ambassador.

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